The transition from 4th to 5th grade is a great challenge for all areas: students, families and teachers. The level of both personal and academic demand of the new course that they are going to start, together with changes that occur at the evolutionary level of the children, require a great effort on the part of all to know how to facilitate everything that will happen in the next months. How to make that jump from fourth to fifth grade not so hard for children?
A new stage begins, the penultimate course of the primary stage and they emerge once more concerns about the best way to deal with so much change. In general, they are children of 9-10 years, who are very interested in asking the why of things, they tend to be sincere, it is difficult for them to accept mistakes and they look for excuses and excuses in situations that they are not able to solve.
At the intellectual level we may be at the peak and therefore we must take advantage of so that they are able to shape what they learn, to be able to use it in their daily life, give meaning to everything they work on in the classroom and at home. While it is true that at this age memorization is a more than interesting skill, let's not forget that in each of their learning there must be other equally relevant issues: reasoning, argumentation, justifying and developing their critical thinking. It is essential to address this in this new course, because we will make children more competent and not mere repetition machines of something that will not be useful in their life.
At the social level, great changes are also perceived, which always have an impact on their emotions, their performance and their state of mind. They feel the need to belong to a group of equals, tending to exercise leadership of it (positive when it is a leader who knows how to act as such and negative when it achieves the opposite, maintaining negative attitudes). Their level of competitiveness tends to be exaggerated. In this sense, it is highly recommended to work on this aspect with them, so that they try to compete with themselves, as a way to overcome challenges and improve at all levels.
Regarding personal involvement in the face of work, it is essential to maintain a daily work routine that promotes two important points: accustoming children to fulfill their responsibilities autonomously and obviously accustom them to reinforce daily, a previously set time , everything that we can work on at home (comprehensive reading, mathematical operations, study techniques, text summary ...), that is, skills that facilitate subsequent work in the classroom.
In summary, in this change of course there are so many existing changes that a few questions are recommended:
- Facilitate children to solve their difficulties, letting them face them and try to solve them.
- Always promote dialogue between parents and children: a trusting, close and affectionate relationship. At these ages it is more complicated if you have not worked before, although it is never too late.
- Do not educate in the prohibition or from the punishment. It is fine to assume the consequences of certain acts, but these must be consistent with the situation or attitude that caused them.
- Educate in values: at this age, an education based on principles of respect, tolerance, companionship, empathy, etc. is essential. All these values are what will define them as people and will affect them at all times and throughout their lives, beyond the classroom.
That said, fifth year of primary school is a year in which it is seen that children are not so young anymore and their hormonal changes must be understandable, as long as certain limits are not exceeded, which must be made clear by families. . Their level of involvement will be key in the process of adapting to the new course.
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