Surely you've heard more than once about prebiotics and probiotics. Less times about symbiotics. But all three are part of the same category, although with their differences and peculiarities.
The World Health Organization has already produced some studies that endorse the advantages and virtues of these three groups of nutrients. Discover what each one of them consists of and what are the differences between probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics in the feeding of children.
The main similarity between prebiotics, probiotics and symbiotics is their function: all three improve the intestinal flora and they are very beneficial especially in the infant stage. By improving the balance of the intestinal flora, it thus improves the immune system, which is very necessary to fight viruses and bacterial infections.
But these three nutrients have some differences. Do you want to know which ones? Discover the main differences between probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics and what advantages they have:
1. Probiotics: They are live microorganisms that are found in some foods, such as yogurt or kefir. We also find them in foods such as sauerkraut and dark chocolate.
2. Prebiotics: They are indigestible substances in food that encourage and promote the growth of beneficial bacteria for the intestinal flora. Unlike probiotics, they are not living substances. In addition, they also improve the absorption of certain minerals and the synthesis of vitamin B. And where do we find them? They are usually found in plant-based foods, such as garlic, onion, or artichokes. Also in fruits like bananas and foods like wheat, oats, legumes and honey. And if you've just had a baby, you'll be happy to know that they are found in breast milk too.
3. Symbiotics: They are foods that combine probiotics and prebiotics. The greatest source of symbiotics that exists is breast milk. There are also drunk dairy preparations that include symbiotics, such as L-casei.
The benefits of these nutrients are intimately linked with the intestinal flora and the immune system. All three nutrients benefit the flora of the intestine, especially that of the small intestine.
The next question we ask ourselves is ... but Why is it so important to take care of the intestinal flora? As strange as it may seem, the intestinal flora plays an essential role in growth, and is responsible for the supply of vitamins such as vitamin K, related to blood clotting, and some of the B vitamins. And of course, the intestinal flora is one of the best barriers against germs and bacteria that our body has.
That is, if we take care of the health of our child's intestinal flora, we will be providing you with more defenses to fight against some diseases and we will also be supporting proper growth. Remember that the intestinal flora is in formation in babies from the moment they are born until approximately 2 years of age. Hence, the contribution of probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics during these first two years is so important. The most effective way to guarantee its supply in babies is undoubtedly breast milk, although if you can not breastfeed your baby do not worry: these days, formula milks strive to include these nutrients as well.
Don't forget either increase the intake of probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics during pregnancy. These nutrients reach the baby through the placenta.
You can read more articles similar to Differences between probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics in children's diet, in the Infant Nutrition On-Site category.