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The norms of coexistence are a set of social norms that favor mutual respect, tolerance, rights and duties of people. These rules assure us to live in peace and harmony with each other.
Thus, the rules will be based on the values of respect for people, places and things, in addition to responsibility. Therefore, respect the rights of others, accept obligations and fulfill them, say hello, say goodbye, give thanks, ask for forgiveness, etc. But, How to teach coexistence rules to children both at school and at home?
The rules of coexistence have a series of common characteristics such as:
- They are learned almost unconsciously by observing the environment.
- They change and transform according to the moment and the situation.
- They must respond to the needs of the people to whom they are addressed. Therefore, be valid.
In addition, we can verify that, regardless of these general characteristics, not all the rules that exist are the same, and not all have the same validity. Thus, we can find:
- Social norms. They are those that have to do with the customs, way of life and traditions of a culture.
- Moral standards. They are those that guide us to act in one way or another according to some principles and regulate our behavior. The values that move us.
- Legal norms. They are those that regulate and guarantee the coexistence of all. They are mandatory, coercive, imposed from outside and of a temporary nature. All these characteristics guarantee its fulfillment.
The environment (family and school) must educate children so that they learn to live in society and that they know the difference between what is ethical and what is legal, as well as teach the social norms that identify them with their culture.
The rules of coexistence that are transmitted to children can be many and varied, but they must be specific, reasonable and very clear. They will be teaching tools and guide the behavior of the little ones positively. In addition, learning these rules of coexistence helps the child to find the necessary security in his development. To achieve this you must:
- Start as soon as possible. The ideal is to instill these types of rules from a very young age. Children from an early age begin to imitate and thus begin to integrate these norms.
- Take advantage of any opportunity it is good for instilling the necessary rules to live together.
- That he knows the importance of these rules of coexistence. As the child grows and has the ability to understand it, explain why he should respect these rules and good behavior.
- Congratulate and correct. When necessary, the child will have to be congratulated for his "good" behavior as it will be an impulse to comply with his rules and duties. Otherwise, it will have to be corrected.
- Use games. Play games according to the child's age so that you can put these rules into practice.
- Use a table. To get children to learn the rules at home, it will be helpful to write them down and put them in a visible area so that the little ones can go to them at any time and thus remember them to avoid arguments. This works for both children and teenagers. In the case of the little ones, it can work with drawings or images that show the rules of coexistence that we want them to learn.
You can read more articles similar to How to teach coexistence rules to children, in the category Limits - Discipline on site.